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Thomas More and Niccolo Machiavelli on Human Nature

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Human Nature and Ideal Community according to Machiavelli. Niccolo Machiavelli also states that “ … the nature of the people is variable, and whilst it is easy to persuade them, it is difficult to fix them in that persuasion” . that is, people are unstable and tend to alter their behavior, points of view and other things based on the reasons of their own profit. As it has already been mentioned, human nature, and this concerns primarily the governor to whom the thinker’ s advice is addressed, and such features as greed and need for power may justify crimes and breach of the rights of the others if it is necessary for satisfaction of the state need.

So far as the ideal community is concerned, Niccolo Machiavelli states that, even though many of the mightiest powers were defeated and survived the period of decay, it is quite possible to try to establish a state and a community which would be easily reigned and which could be referred to as an ideal one. It is necessary to stress that Machiavelli pays much attention to the person of the prince and to his role in establishing any society and state, including the ideal one.

Even though the fact that the state governors must be strong and wise cannot be denied, it is obvious that it is impossible to rule a state solely, that is, the governor shall have support from the bodies of the state power. At that, Machiavelli also states that the republic form of government and the citizens being completely free is beneficial to the extent that it helps the states last longer. It is, therefore, possible to conclude that, according to Machiavelli, an ideal state shall have republic form of government, it shall not oppress its citizens and guarantee its freedoms, and it shall have wise and strong politicians to rule it.

In reality, on the contrary, it happens that the state either has no strong politicians with the mentioned features or the state itself is unable to successfully adopt a necessary direction of its development.

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