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The Sociological Theories Of Education And Their Features

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Education of an individual is not only confined to an individual’ s life but it is also a social phenomenon in reciprocal terms. An individual is influenced by society when he gets an education and, in turn, he may influence society after getting an education. All the people of great genius like Aristotle, Confucius, Homer, Sir Isaac Newton, Galileo Galilei, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Michelangelo, William Shakespeare, Abraham Lincoln, Mother Teresa, Nelson Mandela, and others in different fields, influenced society. All these people were moving institutes in their respective fields, their influences in society moved like ripples in the water and merged with the society.

Moreover, the very theorists of education and sociology have influenced society and the concerned disciplines with their theories. Even those theorists, who overlook the social aspect of education, actually influence the society and the field of education with their views. The examples are theorists like John Dewey who emphasized education in relation to the individual rather than to society. As John Grote (1862) emphasized that education aims at the betterment of an individual. ‘ Education is the placing of the growing human creature in such circumstances of direction and restraint, as shall make the most of him, or enable him to make the most of himself. ’ (American Journal of Education.

In such views, then, we see that the theorist is doing the thing which the negate, ie influencing the society. However, such a view is not a sociological view of education. It is a liberal view of education. Therefore, it lies outside the domain of the present work. Haralambos and Holborn(n. d) explain that progressive or child-centered education seems to be a form of liberal education.

In progressive education, each child is held to be unique, and education is designed to foster equally the talents of each unique individual. (pp730) In addition to the liberalist, there are those who give a broader definition of education.

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