The study focused on global perspective with six domains ad while this did not identify significance, a modification that classified the target opulation into two domain identifies significance of contingency self worth as a determinant of the relationship between self esteem and attitude towards self. Significance in the latter results suggest that self esteem is significant to self image (Geng and Jiang, 2013). An independent study on eating habit, body dissatisfaction, and self esteem also identifies a potential association betweeb self esteem and body image. Acknowledging esistence of literature with divergent results on the relationship between the three factors, the authors explored pairwise association between the three variables.
They used the Negative Physical Self Scale-Fatness, the State Self-Esteem Scale, and the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire Revised 18-Item Version to collect data from 376 chinese students. Self esteem reported significant mediator role in the relationship between body dissatisfaction and eating behavior through restrained eating, an indicator of the significant effects of self image on perceived body dissatisfaction (Kong, Zang, You, Fan, Tiang and Zhou, 2013). Armitage however notes that perceived body image may not necessarily be due to self-esteem.
Using 220 adolescents with a self affirmation treatment, before data collection on possible threats, body satisfaction, and self esteem, self affirmation was significant among girls with moderation effect of self esteem. Self affirmation was however not significal in the considered adolescent boys (Armitage, 2012). While literature identifies significance of self esteem to people’s self worth and secondary effects on health and activities in which people engage, empirical data offers conflicting intormation on significance of self-esteem on body image. Data for evaluating the relationship between self esteem and perception of body image are also largely subjective and this challenges validity of the developed knowledge for generalization.
There is therefore need to establish the relationship for each sub population of interest and this forms the basis of this study. Aims and hypotheses The study aims at investigating difference in effects of appearance self esteem on body image by gender and the relationship between appearance self esteem and body image. It explores the objectives by seeking to answer the following research questions. Do women have a lower appearance self esteem in terms of body image than men have
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