The objective of my writing to you is offering a solution for a rather relevant and up-to-date issue. The issue is a lack of reading. Reading is the type of cognitive activity vital for the development of the individual’ s world outlook and comprehension along with imagination and background knowledge. Unfortunately, nowadays, children and students don’ t feel reading to be important and inseparable from their everyday life. While reading is strongly dependent on motivation, it is needed to work on the solutions that would allow teachers (and also parents) to enhance student’ s motivation in reading and therefore their performance and background knowledge.
Thus, the purpose is to offer a set of possible solutions to the reading motivation problem in students. SummaryIt is widely known that reading – similar to any other type of activity - is dependable on motivating factors. Motivation is certainly the key factor in defining successful and fruitful reading (Cox). Motivation is generally believed to be divided into intrinsic and extrinsic types defining the impact of inner and outer motivating factors respectively (Dunston, 2009). Whereas extrinsic motivation for reading in students can be represented by grades, intrinsic motivation implies pleasure from this type of activity, feelings and personal associations (Howell, 2014).
At the same time, extrinsic motivation alone cannot be universally efficient to inspire students for reading, and it is rather important to enhance both types of motivation for reading in students during academic activities. To my thinking, the most efficient way to influence the students’ willingness to read is enhancing their inner motivation i. e. interest towards reading and pleasure that they can get in the process. Therefore, I would propose to encourage students to read not only with help of grade factor (let alone the material or financial ‘ encouragement’ practiced in several states in the US which forms the wrong attitude towards reading since childhood (Sandel, 2008).
Certainly, giving the students a right to choose at least a part of books for class reading would be more encouraging.
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