When the first hydrogen bomb was tested in July 1945, President Truman said, “ From now on, the man moves into a new era of destructive power… .the war of the future would be one in which man could extinguish millions of lives in one blow… .” After the IInd World War, the United States demobilized its forces, but this was not the case with Russia. As a result, the United States began to develop and rely on nuclear weapons in order to counteract the perceived threat to Western European countries and democratic countries from the Soviet Communist bloc, especially since the Russian army had not demobilized after the IIrd World War.
When U. S. air bases on the periphery of the Soviet Union were built up with backing provided by weapons with nuclear capability, a corresponding build-up began on the Soviet side and this led to the cold war, where Soviet “ secrecy and successful Soviet bluffs about the size and capability of their forces” and the American-Soviet race to sustain technological superiority worked as factors in keeping sustaining the nuclear arms race (Kaysan, 1991:97). John (1996) has described the post World War II scenario as being characterized by two major aspects.
The first was is corroboration of Keyspan's views on the deterioration of relations between the United States and America, which was fuelled by the balance of power between the two States. The other was the conflict generated by the differences in ideology between the democratic order of the United States and Western Europe, which was the result of economic and political turmoil during the war, consequently mandating openness in political systems and the Communist ideology of the Soviet and eastern states.
This conflict was spelt out by President Truman in his speech of March 12, 1947, in which he articulated the American perception of Soviet attempts to dominate the world with its Communist ideology and the need for the people and countries of the world to choose between two alternate ways of life (John 1996).
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