In a bid to increase its power in the region and also in the belief that it was Iran who was an obstacle to its ambitions as well as internal security Iraq decided to invade Iran. The Iraqi perception that the 1975 Algiers Agreement which demarcated the waterways of Shatt al-Arab as partial to Iran should also be taken into account. Parasiliti contends that it was the result of after-war economic mismanagement as well as grand military ambitions that led Iraq to a point where the conquest of Kuwait came to be seen as due.
Parasiliti gives a list of the most salient concerns that led to Iraq making this choice - “ loss of oil share production compared to Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and the U. E: a debtor economy in crisis; no economic aid and public debt relief from his Arab Gulf neighbours; an excessive military burden, and a population expecting a peace dividend that never came” (160-161). A report by the Population and Development Program of Hampshire College has enumerated the degrading effects of war on women and the environment.
Besides the usual role of killing, the sophisticated weaponry used by armies in war also have a polluting effect. These weapons damage the reproductive health in women causing miscarriages and infertility besides causing a range of diseases like cancer, kidney malfunction, heart failure etc. These weapons release nitrates, radioactive materials and corrosive and toxic substances into the air and ground. Years after a war, the poisons still linger affecting the health of generations to come3.Budget allocation for the military is the highest of all sectors. Increased spending on the military and new forms of technological and chemical weapons is made at the cost of sectors like public health and education. S is the leading supplier of arms to developing countries.
It is also estimated to spend about 58 billion a year on military research to perfect new weapons such as chemical weapons, weapons that can target specific ethnicities etc.
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