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The Mexican-American War (1846-1848)

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M. Y. Beach’s New York Sun preached the views of the Northern Democrats of expanding land across the nation but limiting the land for slavery and minimizing the entry of Mexican population into America. H. Greeley’s New York Tribune supported the Whigs and went ahead in its moral views of unjust robbery of Mexican land. The picture of Mexico published by newspapers made the war seem even more undesirable2. Land acquisition was the main agenda of this war. Mexican government’s grudge over America’s annexation of Texas began when the U. S. army seized the area between the Nueces and Rio Grand Rivers which was claimed by both the nations as their respective property3.

The different perspective of media was expressed by the three leading newspapers of America. Greeley in his attempt to discourage the war expressed that Mexico was a wasteland and so should not be captured by the United States. On the contrary, Bennett and Beach justified the war’s agenda by portraying the Mexican people as inferior who cannot put their land to better use. This view was emphasized by the fact that the Mexicans were descendants of inferior races like Native Americans and Africans.

Although Mexican land was the common topic of discussion of all the newspapers, their perspective was different on the final outcome of the war4. A new paradigm for the Mexican-American War The United States’ military victory in the Mexican-American war over the enemy’s conventional army did not bring the expected political result. In the subsequent years the United States could provide assistance to the major political and economic parties of Mexico. This could validate the American’s invasion of Mexican land.

The war that ended with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo holds an exemplary positing in the military history of the United States. Levinson in his article has reflected the flawed picture of this paradigm. With the progress of the U. S. Army towards Mexico City, the Mexican military formations were rapidly destroyed thus agitating Mexico’s repressive regime. This disturbed the political and economic status of Mexico. Consequently the rural Mexicans erupted to form rebellions that became a threat to the peace of the nation, thus forcing the Mexican government to request aid from the United States.

In 1846, Mexico was caught in a web of violent internal conflicts that had its roots in the country’s colonial past. Mexico was a land where the population of the Indians and their descendants permanently exceeded that of the Europeans and their descendants.

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