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The Main Characteristic of Western Psychology

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In western theories, the individual is given significance and revolves around the self-concept of a person; separated from other people in the society like the physical body. The psychological features of the person that includes mental health relate to personal qualities like self-reliance and highly independent feature with the capacity to overcome the influence of the society and others. East Asian’ s concept of selfhood is contrary to the American concept of the self. Asian Americans conversations usually begin with the Confucian belief that an individual coexists with others. The person is basically socially oriented, interdependent and situation centred (p. 63) and is closely bonded with other people through emotional relationship.

This cultural assumption of the self is unavoidable and forms the basis of the concept of individual being (Diener & Suh 2003 p. 64). The assumption of subjective well being: This assumption is based on the character exhibited by an individual while judging subjective well being. Individualistic culture followed by the western psychology advocates the importance given to the individual’ s internal psychological factors. In contrast, Asian Americans give importance to cultural tasks that comprise several people in society and the individual is drawn to conduct oneself according to external social values.

The assumption of life satisfaction judgment: The difference in western and Asian American culture has significance to the contentment of the individual’ s life. This gives an insight into the reason why westerners are happier and self-positive than Asian Americans. Asian Americans invite lesser attention to themselves when compared to western psychology where the self is given a prominent position. Asian American avoid self emphasizing, self-presentation and self-promotions while American are encouraged to assert and discover themselves and take a distinctive position using their positive qualities (Diener & Suh 2003 p. 64).

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