The objective of this paper is to demonstrate how humanitarian organizations and human rights groups could assume major roles in peacekeeping and peacebuilding in conflict situations. In order to explicate this argument the role of humanitarian interventions in the mitigation and resolution of conflicts in two of the cases worldwide. Specifically, the Israel-Lebanon conflict and Sri Lankan ethnic conflict, will be examined. Moreover, the difference in the peace-building strategy of humanitarian organizations (ICRC) and human rights groups (Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch) in armed conflict situations will be discussed.
The Role of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in the Conflict Resolution between Israel and Lebanon The Lebanon War in 2006 or also referred to as the Israel-Hezbollah War was a military conflict in northern Israel and South Lebanon. The conflict started when Hezbollah activists dropped rockets at border towns in Israel as a distraction for an anti-tank missile assault on armored vehicles guarding the Israeli side (Schulze, 2008, 16). The major factions were the Israeli military and the Hezbollah paramilitary forces. The hostilities commenced on the 12th of July 2006 and persisted until a ceasefire negotiated by the United Nations was implemented on the 14th of August of the same year, though it officially ended almost one month after the ceasefire when Israel removed its naval defense of Lebanon (Tucker, 2008, 615).
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), following Israel’ s freeing of five Lebanese citizens in return for the corpses of two Israeli combatants, talks about its distinct role as an impartial coordinator of the nonviolent handover (Goldstein & Docherty, 2007, 22). ICRC has persistently requested Israel and Hezbollah, involved in sporadic spells of violent conflicts for more than two decades, to consider the civilians’ humanitarian needs.
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