The world famous Coral Reefs have also been affected because of the high temperatures. The Coral Reefs are highly sensitive to the slightest changes in the water temperature and the increase in temperatures has led to bleaching, and even die – off of this beautiful formation. There have been several factors that affect global warming. Under normal circumstances, the process that occurs as explained by Environment Canada is that, under normal circumstances, the Earth intercepts radiations from the sun. These radiations are the ones that help derive the climate and the weather of the Earth.
What normally happens is that one-third of the radiations are reflected back into space, while the rest of it is absorbed by the various forms of life, land, ice and the atmosphere. Furthermore, the Earth re-radiates several long waves of radiation which are sent out into space. Of these, a part of it is absorbed as energy while the rest is left into space. This remission is referred to as ‘ Greenhouse Effect’ (Environment Canada, 2010). It is necessary for Earth to be able to maintain a balance between the amounts of radiation that is outgoing versus the amount of solar energy incoming.
Any change in this balance can lead to the process of global warming (Singer & Avery, 2007). Another factor that has also been explained by the Environment Canada is the changes that have been noted in the Earth’ s Orbit. The changes in the orbit lead to changes in the amount of energy received on earth, and there is also a direct impact on the energy that is absorbed and reflected as well.
Also, another essential factor that affects global warming is the aerosols. Environment Canada has explained this factor as “ these are fine particles and droplets that are small enough to remain suspended in the atmosphere for considerable periods of time. They both reflect and absorb incoming solar radiation. Changing the type and quantity of aerosols in the atmosphere affects the amount of solar energy reflected or absorbed” (Environment Canada, 2010).
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