Literary theories are important because they provide viewpoints for the analysis of literature work. Through the application of the different approaches defined by the theories, it is possible to create a correlation between certain events and the characters, establish the impact created by the environment in the personalities depicted by literature and also have a clear understanding of the objectives of the literature work. Literature theories help to formulate more informed interpretations in which the logic and ideas as presented are merged (Eagleton, Terry 2006). The fiction story, The Death of Ivan Illych, literary theories help to understand the inspiration behind the theme of the story.
It is also a story with moral lessons and the impact of childhood experiences on adult life (Tolstoy, Leo 2010). In the interpretation of literature, literary theories provide a historical approach to narratives, novellas, and other genres by linking the genre to a specific historical context. The theories trace the evolution of genres of literature engenders the relevance of linguistics much more than the unconscious elements of literature. Through the understanding of the key features characteristic of the genres, a reader is able to apply this knowledge in making logical interpretation of literature.
More than this, the formal role of the elements of different genres is a framework for understanding a text as to whether it is a product of culture, an individual, real-life experience or the author’ s ideologies. Literary theories thus play a vital role in creating the background understanding for a text that forms a basis for informed interpretation. The Psychoanalytic theory put forth by Sigmund Freud is based on the argument that thoughts, emotions, and memories in the subconscious mind influence one’ s behavior and organization (Greenberg, Jay 2013).
According to this theory, childhood experiences have a great impact on one’ s perspectives on life.
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