The Agriculture policies, passage of Homestead Act and standardization of mass production introduced during Lincoln’s era continued even after his assassination, and this led to U. S. population increase, which tripled from 31 million in 1860 to 92 million in 1902. Immigrants came and were welcomed in US, and this led to shift of rural to urban societies, and small towns like Chicago were transformed to key urban centers in a short time (McPherson 22). Reconstruction This was the period that followed American civil war wherein the confederate army lost to the North. The Union Government was considering how to bring back the Southern states that had seceded during the civil war (McPherson 23).
Lincoln was the president who came up with a plan on how America could go with the reconstruction. He proposed that for a southern state to be readmitted back to the Union, 10% of its voters had to swear an oath of allegiance to the Union. His plan was to give southerners full pardon and protect all the private properties except the retention of their slaves. The readmission of the southern states to the Union was to be done quickly by employing leniency and showing forgiveness.
This plan received full support by the moderate republicans in congress as it was deemed to bring an immediate end to the civil war. The assassination of Lincoln changed the entire plan and had an impact on the reconstruction process (Benjamin and Michael 94). Lincoln’s death had a significant impact on the people of the Northern and Southern states. His death intensified the hatred and the vengeful attitudes of the North towards the South, which gave reasons for radical republicans of congress to push their bills that would punish the states that had seceded.
The extremists wanted to punish the southern states for seceding from the Union Government. As such, they started pushing a bill known as Wade-Davis Bill that demanded 50% of the Southern voters to swear allegiance and were to be given unequal treatment (Lewis 45). Though his wisdom had the power of controlling the radicals, Lincoln’s death left a void in leadership as his successor, Andrew Johnson, a southerner, could not convince the Congress on his proposal that was similar to that of Lincoln (McPherson 26).
The Southerners were affected significantly by Lincoln’s death since they deemed him as the most moderate and kind hearted of the presidents at the North and believed that he would have checked all the extreme measures (McPherson 32).
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