A child with ADHD may manifest, among others, characteristics of a learning disability such as trouble with spelling, difficulty in expressing themselves in writing or trouble in organizing his thoughts in writing or conversation. (MedicineNet, 2013) The symptoms of ADHD are prominent before the child is seven years old with the diagnosis made between ages three and seven. (NHS Choices, 2012) The American Psychiatric Association has come up with a manual to help health professionals diagnose ADHD properly. Basically, the checklist requires that during a minimum of six months, six or more of the items listed under either hyperactivity/impulsivity or inattention or both are observed at school/work and/or home before the child is seven years old and such behavior resulted in an obvious and important negative effect on the child’ s social, school or work affairs but did not happen during the course of another disorder and cannot be better attributed to another mental disorder.
(Center, 2010) The APA manual (Center, 2010) includes, but is not limited to, the following: inattention – often has trouble keeping attention on tasks or play activities; hyperactivity – often fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat when sitting still is expected; and, impulsivity – often blurts out answers before questions have been finished.
There is no way to permanently treat a learning disability. Nevertheless, the possible source of the problem, ADHD in this case, may be controlled. Ritalin has been one of the several medications helping people who have ADHD. (Zaslow, 2005) Aside from medication, education or training, different kinds of psychotherapy or a combination of treatments are practiced to help individuals with ADHD.
(National, 2011) Parents are advised to work together with their child’ s teacher and doctor in order to come up with a manageable treatment plan which should be closely monitored and adjusted along the way if necessary. (Center, 2011)
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