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Sources of Mali Crisis and Causes of Military Intervention

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Francois Hollande, the current president of France, has defended France’ s intervention in Mali citing a request for assistance from the Malian government. The Malian government had evidently become wary of the advances made by the insurgents towards the capital Bamako. As such, foreign intervention was necessary as an effort to prevent Bamako from falling into the control of the terrorist. In addition, the deployment of the French military was indispensable in the protection of the over 6,000 French citizens in this capital. Since the insurgents’ primary intention is to bring the entire nation into their absolute control, there was sufficient reason to affirm their effort to destabilize or attack the Mali’ s interim government.

In a press statement released by Laurent Fabius, French Foreign Minister, the government of France indicated that their operation in Mali was “ a question of weeks” before being halted. Nevertheless, other media reports released at the same time indicated that the extremist Islamic group was far much better equipped and trained than it had been initially anticipated by the French Forces. Another source of the current intervention emanates from the fact that the Malian military is currently experiencing internal divisions.

As such, it lacks the ability to effectively project worthwhile force against the insurgents. The same army has been previously implicated in a various human rights abuses that include torture of civilians and rape cases. Furthermore, the incapacity of the Malian army is made even worse by the fact that its number stood at 7,000 troops before defections and military defeats in the years that proceeded. As such, it remains uncertain even to date if the Malian forces will be able to effectively secure and hold territories after the French military launches the strikes.

Before France ultimately opted to intervene, the leaders belonging to ECOWAS as well some Western countries had raised an alarm over the ever-rising threat to international security linked to the growth of the Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM).  

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