Hate crime is an umbrella term which includes crimes that are directed against a minority based on a variety of characteristics. That is why it is not only racial discrimination, but also sexual or religion discrimination that should be taken into account. It must be noted that over the years the social science was able to come up with various concepts that were able to contribute to the security of the place of race in the social environment. For example, it is often thought that the most adequate way to incorporate different races into one effective community is to promote the appreciation of diversity (Henry, 2012, 9).
That is why sociologists argue that diversity should become an effective answer towards the challenges of racism since it allows people to escape the framework that was formed by prejudices and develop a new understanding of their place in the multicultural society. Finally, it is particularly important to make a clear differentiation between two seemingly equal terms such as racism and ethnic nationalism. As it has been mentioned, the formed is based on a wrong assumption which states that people who belong to different races are not equal and, therefore, a master race is allowed to dominate which is justified by their supremacy.
Contrary to that, the idea of ethnic nationalism is completely opposite: first of all, it is focused on appreciation of one particular ethnicity and does not expand its scope to other; secondly, it is concerned with appreciation and development rather than criticism and oppression. That is why the social science should view the former as a negative phenomenon which has a harmful influence on the social environment in general while the latter might become a driving force of the entire society.
Racial segregation as an ineffective way to organize multicultural society One would make no mistake suggesting that the concept of race as well as all the issues which are associated with it have been analyzed by the social environment for a considerable time; so, there are several models which were implemented and are able to show advantages of a particular approach. Thus, once there were countries in the world which featured social environments that were composed of different races and featured the phenomenon of racial segregation.
The essence of it is often conveyed in a simple statement: separate, but equal. While it may sound acceptable in theory, the reality shows that one particular race would dominate in all the areas.
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