In the book social problems Best Joel is fascinated in discovering the basis of social problems therefore, he focuses on different stages through, which a social problem goes through. In chapter 2, which is on sociology pathology, Best explains that coming up with a social problem entails creating attention to the disturbing problem. Attentions in a problem bring about arguments, which help in persuading and convincing individuals to understand dissimilar social problems hence implementing standard decisions. In this chapter, Best asserts that attentions in any social problems help the affected individuals in understanding persuasive arguments together with gathering relevant information on the problems hence being able to solve them (Best 18-20). In this chapter, Best points out that for one to implement a social problem, he/she should ascertain the troubling condition, which contains the main facts on the issue.
Best concludes by recommending the changes and implementation of new policies in solving social problems. He proposes both short and long-term solutions, whereby in the short-term solution, he asserts that the problem claim makers should air their problems in order for other people to support than in the campaign (Best -23).
While in a long-term solution, Best advice that the affected people should campaign for policy reform, which will enable individuals to form new laws or to handle the experienced problem in a more effective manner (Best -23). In chapter 4, Best discusses the values and conflicts by highlighting the main history and stages of social problems. As conferred in chapter 2 about campaigning for a new policy in the sector, Best insists that new policymaking is the best solution to social problems but many individuals take it for granted.
In addition, he says that most sociologists despise the idea concerning forming new policies hence ending up not even applying the political science in implementing solutions to dissimilar problems (Best 35). In this chapter, Best gives an example of other authors work in explaining how pertaining social problems ends up being a political discussion matters. He says that this can be possible through policy recognition among the public, writing policy proposal to relevant bodies and passing the information along the political stream. Best insists that with the implementation of the above, it will be easier because they are the main solutions to the problems linked to the structure of claims concerning social problems (Best 36-39). In chapter 5, Best discusses on deviant and behavior whereby he suggests that when family members together with their friends discuss issues regarding social problems is important as it helps them in implementing solutions to such problems.
He supports his ideas by stating that social problems are concerns but not conditions. Therefore, putting more attention to every encountered social problem is vital as it helps in comprehending the encountered problems.
Therefore, he suggests that in order for one understands more information concerning a social problem, he should ensure that the troubling problem makes sense to every individual and he should convince the crowd. In this chapter, Best concludes that it is easier if individuals tackle the social problems keenly in order to weigh whether what people say about such problems is true or hoax, hence promoting evaluation of problems (Best 42). Finally, in chapter 6, Best discusses labeling, whereby he uses the kingdom together with stonework in helping individuals to understand the political manner of understanding claim-making.
Though he was discussing a political understanding of claim-making, Best avoids using a lot of literature from political science. In this chapter Best, mainly focuses on the edifice and reestablishment of claims hence connecting and relating all stages found in the claim-making. Best concludes this chapter by insisting that there should be an inclusion of political science in detecting the origin of social problems. He suggests that for this process to be effective, various stages should be in consideration.
Such stages include agenda-setting by determining the issues present on the political agenda, be careful in their decision-making process by choosing the most appropriate policy (Best 59). Consider policy implementation together with evaluation. In developing such a social problem history, it will be more advantageous because it will help different researchers investigating various social issues (Best 59).
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