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Marx and Aurelius

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"The whole divine economy is pervaded by Providence… Providence is the source from which all things flow, and allied with it is Necessity. " (#3) Aurelius and Marx are once again in agreement. Without using the word "worker" once again, the passive voice will be used. "Nothing can be created without nature, without the sensuous external world" These two sentences completely correspond with the philosophy that Nature must be in harmony. Aurelius continues by saying that we do not need to continue the past written in books. Live the moment as it is now.

There is no past and there is no future. There is only now. Labor is not something which allows a worker to work on his intrinsic capacities as Aurelius says needs to be done. He is denied his natural existences of happiness. He cannot create a self-identity. He only works to fulfill his animal needs. Aurelius would agree with Marx that men should be given the opportunity to develop their self-identity. Life is limited. A certain amount of time has been allocated to each individual. "In estranging from man nature and himself, his own active functions, his life-activity, estranged labor, estranges the species from man" (75)"Nature is man's inorganic body" (Marx).

If man's inorganic body is not developed because of his work condition, he will suffer. His inorganic body is his spiritual body. It constantly moves as a river does (Aurelius) It enables man's physical body to remain alive. Both speak about the physical, and spiritual and how they are linked to nature; If any one of these elements is "estranged", there is an imbalance of the Universe which is felt.

Marx says men become alienated from others, Aurelius talks about the men who create conflict with nature or argue with circumstances. Work should give purpose. Marx defines a need; says there is a problem but does not say how to resolve the problem. He says that man should not work because there is work to be done. He should have a choice to work to fulfill a goal in life. Marx says that work should help build self-identity.

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preview essay on Marx and Aurelius
  • Pages: 6 (1500 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: History
  • Level: Undergraduate
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