A combination of other causes of death such as drug abuse, alcoholism, road accidents and HIV/AIDS cannot attain the figures of deaths due to cigarette smoking. 90% of all lung cancer deaths in the United States are caused by smoking inn both the sexes. Lung diseases that arise due to cigarette smoking occur when it causes damage to the air sacs and the airways located in the lungs leading to diseases such as bronchitis which is manifested by swelling of the walls lining the bronchial tubes and emphysema which is the condition in which the linings of the walls within the air sacs in the lungs loosing their ability to stretch and to shrink back to their original state.
People who are asthmatic are likely to experience more severe attacks when they engage in smoking. There are a number of health risks that are associated with smoking which can easily lead to death among the victims. For pregnant women who engage in smoking, they are likely to witness still birth in which death occurs before birth of the child, preterm or early delivery, ectopic pregnancies, and sudden infant death syndrome, orofacial clefts which occurs in infants or low birth weight.
All these condition will either lead to the death of the infant or permanently affect their growth as well as putting the life of the mother at serious health risk (Sessa, 2000). Smoking can affect the bone structure as well as their development especially among women who have gone past menopause and still smoke as they are more likely to have broken bones compared to those who do not smoke. The continued use of tobacco is marked by decreased bone density hence increases the risk of osteoporosis in which the bones has increased cases of fracture.
The condition is more rampant among older people in the society who had spent a better part of their lives smoking. Smoking has the tendency to increase the pace at which women attain menopause since it lowers the amount of hormone estrogen in the body thus increasing the chances of witnessing severe bone conditions (Topol, 2007). Smoking can reduce the level of fertility in men by reducing sperm counts which may lead to birth defects.
The dental formulation has not been left behind as smoking increases the risk of tooth loss and incurring discolored teeth and gums. The body’s immune system can be adversely affected by cigarette smoking making the victim more prone to disease outbreaks and infections. Type 2 diabetes mellitus which is the most dangerous form of diabetes because it is hard to manage occurs mostly among smokers than in nonsmokers.
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