In light of this, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe follows up on the implementation of the Court’ s orders including pushing for the settlements of the fines and damages granted by the Court to the aggrieved parties. In addition, the setting of the Court to safeguard the public from human rights violations by member countries is an important tool within Convention that can be construed to mean it does not approve of the death penalty for murder cases. The Convention provides hapless individuals a proactive role across states and reverses the traditional trend of states as the only entities recognized in the international law as legitimate actors.
As of now, the European Convention under Article 2 is the only Treaty guaranteeing people of such a high level of protection of human life. Article 2 of the ECHR safeguards an individual’ s right to his or her life and practically seeks to punch holes on the death penalty. It is notable that the right to life is only applicable to human persons, not to other living creatures, or legally recognized entities such as companies.
And as to whether the termination of the life of an embryo in a mother’ s womb can be taken with much weight as the execution of a murder convict as far as what constitutes a human being is concerned, the Court has declined embryo’ s enjoyment of human rights. In the case of Evans v. the United Kingdom, the European Court of Human Rights deployed utmost care to avoid any unfavorable ramifications that could have resulted from the definition of a human being. The outcome of the case could have severely impacted reproductive rights and regulations in the whole of Europe.
Owing to an embryo’ s lack of human traits and ability in law, in 2007 the Court decided that an embryo does not have the qualities of a human person to warrant its enjoyment of human rights. In Vo v France, the Court ruled in the same way by declining prayers to allow an unborn baby to enjoy human rights.
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