The second article, by Katz and Farrow (2000), centers on a similar idea of sexual orientation. They have discussed the essence of gender roles and brought up the roles played by both women and men in traditional and nontraditional form. The paper begins the discussion with sexual scripts that are conventionally framed. In these scripts, women are supposed to be submissive and more expressive in their approach while the initiator is the man who is defined as ‘ instrumental’ . Traditionally it is expected that women will prefer the instrumental men who fit ideally in the role defined by sexual scripts rather than those who demonstrate more feminine characters.
This preference is mainly based on real or expected satisfaction in sexual interactions. Often feminine traits may include expressiveness or oversensitive nature in men. The authors bring in the concept of self-views and use this to analyze the maladjustment aspects associated with deviation from stereotypical gender roles during sexual interactions. The study focuses mainly on the expressive men and instrumental female on the basis of self-verification theory. This concept refers to the fact that an individual would prefer those views about himself or herself that are consistent with the way they view themselves.
For instance, an expressive man is not what a traditionally oriented woman would expect and hence the way the man looks at himself is not comprehensible to the woman. People may feel more comfortable with partners who would view them the way they actually are. Increasing social predictability is the idea behind such verification theory. The hypotheses indicate that women with less traditional traits (rather instrumental traits) reveal low adjustment quality in terms of sexual interactions.
Secondly, men who have more expressive traits also demonstrated less adjustment to sexuality compared to other men. The method used consisted of a primary survey including a sample of 313 undergraduates who were single and 183 out of them consisted of women and ANOVA table for the analysis.
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