Many organizations are nowadays pushing for efficiency in their operations (Schachter, 2007). Among the problems that made Taylor conduct, studies on scientific management principles organizational inefficiency that was lowering production level in the 19th-century organizations. Taylor’ s assertion that solutions for organizational inefficiency are within systematic management as opposed to organizations looking for an extraordinary man is still valid today. According to Taylor, the performance of tasks in traditional organized businesses was among causes of inefficiency. His solution is a time study that can determine ‘ one best way’ of executing each task.
In this regard, Taylor wanted the best performance conditions, machines; tools among others identified to encourage efficiency (Caldari, 2007). Human resource management has borrowed a lot from scientific management over the years. The scientific selection of the workers, their training, and a remuneration system that takes into account both output and quality of work to be done have been used extensively to manage personnel for the efficient running of organizations (Cameron & Pertuze, 2009). This is possibly the most applicable principle today as far as the hiring process is concerned.
During the hiring process, psychologists take part in the interview process to select the right worker for a task. Once the appropriate workers are determined, many firms enroll them in training programs to expand their skills (McKinnon, 2003). McKinnon gives an example of McDonald’ s restaurants and Auckland based The Learning Curve were principles of scientific management are applied in worker selection and training. The inclusion of psychological factors into personnel suitability to perform a task can still be relevant today since it is not only proper training that makes a qualified worker, but state of the mind and behavioral factors also play an important part.
Scientific management theory encourages management to verify, arrange workers for feasible tasks, and award salary according to the section allocated to the worker.
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