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Scientific Approach to Religion, Thin Textured Belief System

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fMRI is the currently used and most efficacious neuro-imaging technique in reading the human brain at work. This technology tracks the movement of oxygen-filled red blood cells in the brain as a task is performed. To have a better understanding of the belief system and its impact on the human brain, it would be easier to conceive the effect of reasoning, which normally pulls down the belief processing in opposite direction or at least slows down the process of belief. There are two specific classes of reasoning that are often carried out by a human.

They are Deductive reasoning and Inductive reasoning. In Deductive reasoning, the rules of logic are applied to a set of assumptions construed as premises to discover what conclusions inevitably follow from those assumptions. This type of deductive reasoning goes from general to particular examples. Neuroimaging techniques of people carrying out this type of reasoning showed activity in the parietal lobes. (Baker S. C, et al, 1996 & Osherson D, et al, 1998). Inductive reasoning works towards a conclusion by moving from particular to a generalization.

Popp Baier clearly brings out the blurred image of defining religions by Spilka in  The Psychology of Religion: An Empirical Approach (3rd Edition). He points out that spirituality containing certain orientations; actions and experiences have to be well-conceived before making any demarcation between religion and spirituality. Religion can be accepted as a way of life or style of life but not as mere sentiments. Thus any claim to land on operational definitions leads only to the rites performed in religions by the believers of religion. In doing so, the modalities of rites in any religion cover a major portion of focus, leaving them very little emphasis on the orientations of such rites.

Assuming psychological patterns on the actions of rites certainly, dilute the strength of beliefs of those concerned. Researchers are thus forced to take the role of atheists, who are generally viewed to be against God.  

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