The paper will oppose the idea that gender inequality is inborn or medically proven but rather will propose that it is a manmade evil that negatively affects women. Gender discrimination is a deep rooted evil in the society and has a long-established history around the globe. There are a number of reasons behind the far-reaching impacts and prevalence of gender discrimination. Some of the causes are discussed below: The first and foremost reason for the prevalent gender discrimination that is observed worldwide remains the traditionally accepted gender biased role assigned to both, male and female counterparts of the society.
Women are known and accepted to take responsibility of the households and childrearing practices. Their participation in the households is also limited to the extent that they involve in nurturing and upbringing of the children and keeping the households managed. The decision making power of the households, expenses and choice of spending still remains with the male members of the house. This male dominant social perspective controlled numerous societies making the gender discrimination widely accepted or agreed upon. A study recently uncovered that around 2.4 million women are unemployed despite of their eagerness to work and a 90% sample population shows their interest in achieving equality for males and females on attaining leadership positions (Player).
Win and Certo (2013) highlight the fact that women need men’s support and encouragement in order to perform well in professional life. Traditional roles and responsibilities remain the most troublesome factors that hinder their participation in the workplaces. Their priorities and choices are affected by the livelihood and household responsibilities they carry that remain high up on their priority list affecting their work performance and image as a professional (Win and Certo). Keeping the male dominant view in consideration, the education opportunities and spending on female education was limited.
The empirical research of Klasen and Lamanna (2009) reveals that during the period of 1960 and 2000, gender gap in educational opportunities and relevant negative effect on regional economic growth was found. The authors found two main reasons for the negative economic effects at a regional level due to unequal educational opportunities as inefficient use of human capital and higher fertility rates due to lower
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