During the war, Christians in both regions accorded a spiritual sanction to the war effort. The north region as a godly Christian had to answer the call of their country. They send their men to war with the encouragement from the church. The southern region looked for the biblical basis for their cause. They quoted the scripture in the book of Romans that every soul was to subject unto the higher power. They believed that there was no power greater than Gods power. They, therefore, concluded that whoever resisted the power resisted the ordinance of God.
Some northern religious leaders believed that God would use the war to complete the process of moulding America into Gods own image. Southern Christians also supported their cause proclaiming it as a righteous act. James Henley, a Presbyterian minister from the south, justified and endorsed the conflict stating that the parties of conflicts are not merely abolitionists and slaveholders but also atheists, socialists’ communists, and republicans. They believed that the world was the battleground whereas Christianity and atheism being the combats and humanity progression being the battleground.
The Sothern ministers termed the south as a peace loving and as being wantonly attacked by the north (Scott 38). They admitted that slavery led to the war but defended it as a benevolent institution that had brought blacks into a better situation in America where they could easily listen to the gospel that could not be possible in Africa. War was waged to punish the north for attacking an unoffending Confederacy and for having the temerity to label slavery as sinful. In conclusion, both nations used religion as a motivation and justification towards their cause.
They employed Christian doctrine to justify their reasons for the civil war and gave moral to both basic society and the troops on the battlefield. Even after the civil war, America was reconstructed by religion in some sense.
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