Lecturer: Role of religion A religion refers to the ritualized ways of beliefs and practices, which are linked to sacred things organized by a given society of believers. The 17th century marked the beginning of a new revolution to Christianity and religion was more significant than it is in the current society. Under the Roman Empire, many changes took place and religion was taken into considerations. The Enlightenment Age contributed to varied challenges to Christians because of conflicts, but there was increased religious tolerance (Jaffary 27). Religion takes numerous forms, and different religious believers have their convictions significant for existence and personal gratification.
Most people beliefs that when talking about religion, it means about the church or places of worship, but religion and society are related. Religion is inherent, and it affects many aspects in the society including politics, cultural values and social economic values. Therefore, through religion, one can find significant roles and understanding of the society. Religion varies from one culture to another because it involves varied symbols invoking the passion of astonishment and ritualistic practices of a certain society of believers.
From the historical perception, secularization processes weakened the influence of religion in society. Although religion provides personal gratification or spiritual encouragement, religion plays significant roles in political and socio-economic development in the society; thus contributing to the betterment of the society. Religion fights against discrimination because the Enlightenment Age provided varied religious practices that discouraged people from discriminating others. The introduction of the church in the 17 the century was marked by increased conflicts and discrimination against religion, race, class and gender. Therefore, Christianity played significant roles in fighting against discrimination in the society.
This was through providing teachings of maintaining love, peace and they encouraged sharing with the poor. Although, discrimination was common in the society, Christians made significant efforts of preaching peace and encouraging Christians to love their neighbors as they love themselves. This was a doctrine from the bible; thus, they emphasized it in order to help those who were racially and discriminated to be tolerant. Christianity played significant roles in the 17th century such as establishing official faith and encouraging Christians to be tolerant. The 17th century was characterized by deep conflicts and new ways of tolerance among Christians.
Christians face many challenges that elevated the divine revolution and lowered religious authorities including the papacy. Papacy is the enduring institution across the globe that is prominent in the history of human beings. Pope played a significant role in spreading Christianity and offered resolutions to doctrinal conflicts. The conflicts among Christianity and Catholic convictions contributed to war, but religious leaders in Christian monarchies started preaching about faith. They emphasized on faith and doctrines; thus, many Christian leaders dedicated themselves towards reducing conflicts.
This was done through interreligious dialogues and ecumenism, which refers to promoting unity and cooperation in the society. They also involved in charitable work and defended the rights of human beings. Religion played a significant role of sanctioning or endorsing the principles of morality. Christianity played the greater part in sanctioning moral principles such as honestly, humility, justice, brotherhood, tolerance and kindness. These are among the significant virtue that will enable people to live with peace and harmony with others. Religion enables people to acquire moral and acceptable social behaviors.
However, these values may lose meaning in case there is lack of strong religious beliefs. The Christian principle of faith is beyond the ordinary regulations or laws governing a state. It is through faith that the society can exercise different Christian values; hence, the Christians leaders emphasized the importance of having faith. Furthermore, Christian leaders established many churches in Rome and other places within and outside the Roman kingdom. For instances, the establishment of the England Church was meant to institute official faith. Christians also committed themselves in translation of bible verses. Religion contributed to the advancement of science and knowledge.
The introduction of religion with strong and sound teachings is an effective factor for scientific advancement. The expansion of churches contributed to economic development due to increased advancement in science and technology. The 17th century led to many development issues, and the population in parts of Wales and England increased tremendously. This led to increased advancement and growth in trading and commercial activities. Trade increased and became a significant aspect in the English economy by the end of 17th century (Jaffary 37).
Meanwhile, many industries started to evolve such brick making industries, iron and coal mining increased. This is because these were needed for construction purposes such as constructing churches and commercial buildings. The merchants improved, and people saw that business was valuable and significant economic activities in their daily lives. This is because it contributed to increased wealth; thus, many states including England, London and Wales became developed states. However, development and political power influence remained under the rich landowners. In conclusion, religion provided not only personal gratification or spiritual encouragement, but also played significant roles in political and socio-economic development in the society.
It fought against discrimination and encouraged Christian to exercise love, faith and be tolerant. This was through the establishment of churches in order to establish faith among Christians and non-Christians. Religion played a significant role of sanctioning or endorsing the principles of morality. It also led to increased advancement in science and technology; thus contributed to development as well as emergency of new states. Works Cited Jaffary, Nora E. Gender, Race and Religion in the Colonization of the Americas. Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 2007.
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