The Northern Ireland is located to the northeast of the island. The island’s population is approximated at 6.4 million people with less than 4.6 million people living in the Republic of Ireland, and less that 1.8 living in the Northern Ireland (Wilson & Donnan 17). There are relatively low lying mountains that surrounds Ireland, especially the central plain epitomize geography of the island. Ireland also has several navigable rivers with others extending inland. The island’s vegetation may be described as lush vegetation, which is considered to have resulted from the island’s mild, but admirable oceanic climate that is characterized by average temperature.
The island had historic woodland until in the seventeenth century. Currently, Ireland is regarded as the most deforested areas of the European Continent. The island provides home for twenty six species of mammal that are native to the island (Wilson & Donnan 15). The Norman inversion of the Thirteenth Century in the middle age paved way for the Gaelic resurgence. The English dominated the island following over sixty years intermittent war that broke out in the Fourteenth Century, or in the 1500s.
Notably, the English rule dominated the island after 1603. With the 1960s, a Protestants English rule system was designed to disadvantage, or to demoralize the Protestants dissenters and the Catholics majority (Wilson & Donnan 12). This system was extended into the Eighteenth Century. In the year 1802, the island of Ireland was made part of the United Kingdom. The independent war of the Twentieth Century led to the partition of Ireland that created the Irish Free State. This states retained their sovereignty in the decades that followed while the United Kingdom retained the Northern Ireland.
The decision of making the Northern Ireland part of the United Kingdom led to numerous civil unrests that started in the 1960s all through to the 1990s. The unrest was ended due to the political agreement that was of the 1998. Both the Northern and republic Ireland joined the European Economic Community in 1973 (Wilson & Donnan 28). The Irish culture has significantly influenced other cultures, especially in the literature field. Additionally, it has had lesser effects in education and science. The Irish are enjoying a strong indigenous culture that has been expressed through Irish
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