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Religion and Theology in Liberation Theologies in the United States by Floyd-Thomas and Pinn

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Religion and theology according to the authors has been used by both sides of the social and political divide, to oppress or fight against oppression perpetrated against the minority. The authors discuss several events that constituted the struggle for liberation, the arguments raised by various theologians and those of critics and dissident voices. They also discuss the success and failure of each of the theologies in their pursuit of liberation. The first chapter is about the first liberation theology called black theology. In this chapter, Anthony Pinn describes US history as one that has political developments and religion converging at various levels.

He digs deep into the history of the black community in America and explains that the slave trade was responsible for black people going to the US. The book explains the role that religion played in the enslavement of Africans. It was used as a justification for discrimination against other people. The author goes on the talk about how the bible in Genesis and the New Testament was used to justify slavery for Africans and other injustices. He recounts the history of black theology and its struggles, successes, and failures.

The author also discusses the mission and desire of black theologians to liberate the black community through the incorporation of popular culture in its operations. The first chapter closes with a discussion on the perspective of black theologians on evil and liberation and the scope of black theology (Floyd-Thomas & Pinn, 33). Chapter 2 has an exposition on womanist theology by Stacey Floyd-Thomas. She begins with a historical background in which she refers to the sermon of Pauli Murray.

The author lays a foundation for her discussion with this sermon in which the position of the woman in scripture is asserted.   She delves into many issues revolving around womanist theology. The book provides an exposition on this that womanist theology seeks to address in the midst of discrimination and oppression. She goes on to talk about how the issue of embodiment and sexuality has not been able to enter the discussion about lesbianism and its acceptance by womanist theologians.  

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