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Racial Boundaries

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Colored citizens have been enjoying far more rights and have been considered equal to whites. Promotion of tolerance and equality as the basis of democracy was probably amplified with emphasis on a single, unitary national language: English must have acted like cement for all ethnicities and races. Moreover, the idea of racial equality got enough high for a “ colored” person to run for office and win presidential elections. But, at the same time, modern America displays disturbing tendencies of returning to racial inequality, though equal rights for all races have been widely promoted among the population.

“ Contrary to post-racialism, it is unmistakable that racism still remains a major phenomenon in the United States today” (Herndon, 2013). Due to studies and evidence, the racial issue is becoming all the more relevant again, and it is illustrated in a wide range of areas and cases. The level of segregation in American education is mainly evaluated due to such measures as racial isolation/exposure and racial imbalance. It is known that measures of isolation/exposure evaluate segregation at school according to the proportion of races and ethnicities, which are present in a certain school.

Obviously, this means that an educational institution attended by the majority of black students is considered racially isolating (Reardon and Owens, 2013). On the other hand, adherents of racial imbalance as a measure prefer to evaluate the level of segregation in education due to uneven distribution of various racial groups across educational institutions. Whereas after the court’ s decision on Brown case, segregation in education was substantially reduced, the recent data indicates that racial isolation has increased in the last decade. While in late 1970’ s around 90% of children even in the South attended desegregated schools (Bouie, 2014), the process is seen today indicates a kind of regression.

According to the report of the report of the Civil Rights Project, the level of school segregation is about to reach the mark of the 1960’ s (Olfield and Frankenberg).

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