The public health reforms have been put underway. The government has come up with strategies and approaches to warrant that all citizens profit from the medical access. Previously, it was optional for anyone to buy healthcare insurance policy. But since the passage of the healthcare reform bill into law, all members of the public are required to purchase medical insurance policy. This process is referred to as the individual mandate. The government has placed a deadline by which all citizens should have purchased an insurance policy (Kronenfeld & Kronenfeld, 2004). Public health reform The Affordable Care Act is a portion of the healthcare reform law that was put in place aimed at reducing the cost of healthcare.
The act aims at expanding medical coverage to all citizens of the U. S at the lowest costs possible. The act has clauses that hold insurance of its clients. The act also avails citizens with options on whether to choose private health insurance or the public health insurance. Quality of healthcare at the lowest costs is also a major factor that was included in the act. This act advocates for healthcare equality throughout the United States. The act consists of two separate pieces of legislation.
These include the Healthcare and Affordable Care Act and Education Reconciliation Act and the Patient Protection. The Healthcare and Education Reconciliation Act aims at educating the public on the best ways of staying a healthy life. The Act has initiated policies and programs that will ensure that citizens will be educated and informed on how to counter some disorders such as diabetes and cancer. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act aims at protecting the needs and rights of all patients, regardless of their social status (Kronenfeld & Kronenfeld, 2004).
It has policies that aim at healthcare equity in the country. It also aims at providing healthcare at minimum costs while ensuring maximum standards of medication. The federal government performs these duties by reimbursing funds to hospitals that are used for Medicaid and Medicare. Individuals and families who receive low income receive federal subsidies. The government, via the Affordable care act, provides subsidies through the Medicare program. There are several people who are exempted from the affordable care act.
These include immigrants who are approximately eight million in number. These immigrants are excluded from the health insurance mandate (Perloff, 1998). They can, however, be included in the medical treatment and active labor act.
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