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Psychology of Crime and Social Learning Theory

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The presence of the distractions in the vicinity of the observer does have a detrimental impact on the potency of the social learning. If the model is attention grabbing, a learner is likely to pay a greater attention to the behaviour of that model. The ability of the observer to retain apt attention for the behaviour being exhibited by the model also plays a key role in the social learning. A number of factors can impact the retention a learner. Aso the ability of the learner to retrieve the retained information and to act on it is one essential for the social learning to take place (Hollin, 1989, pOnce the learner has attentively observed the behaviour of the model and has retained the relevant information pertaining to that behaviour, te reproduction of that behaviour by the learner is a must for the social learning to occur (Magnusson, 1981, p Moreover, arepeated practice of the learned behaviour leads to additional skill accrual and the refinement of the behaviour the part of the learner. Te model tends to many a times reinforce the learning in a learner.

Fr instance, te teachers who make a conscious effort to imitate the behaviour and dressing style of their peers are more likely to be accepted by them. Te observer may also be motivated and reinforced by a third person also. Fr example, astudent may observe and tend to imitate the behaviour of the achievers in a class. I the class teacher on observing this behaviour on the part of a student to praise and motivate that student, tis may reinforce the learned behaviour in that student. Te repeated imitation of the observed behaviour by a learner also reinforces the learning accrued (Glassman & Hadad, 2004, p A constant repetition of the observed behaviour on the part of a learner often leads to satisfaction and hence reinforcement.

A example of this could be that a student may observe that the extra effort made by the achievers in a class endows them with a sense of satisfaction and achievement. Te imitation of behaviour by the observing student may also impart a sense of achievement and satisfaction to one.

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