According to studies, ethics occur because of value conflicts. These conflicts are demonstrated in different manners including rights to personal privacy and unwanted management. Research ethics help in reuniting value skirmishes (Nicholson, 2009). Some of the ethical issues in research include causing harm to participants because of their participation. The possible harm encompasses death, stress, guilt, or lowering in self-esteem; in addition, there is unfair treatment and withheld profits. There is also misuse of concealment, which is because of the careful desecration of strategies. Therefore, this may make a good number of people to fear taking part in research activities.
Researchers may encounter ethical problems in considering their responsibility to provide protection on the personality of participants as they also consider the risk of contamination. The risks experienced from research may affect society as a whole; this could be through affecting cultural values and beliefs on the provided information. On the contrary, research may give data to the extra authoritative groups in a community that assists in maintaining their advantage. In order to avoid or address such ethical issues in research, it is vital that researchers whether individual or groups take a serious role in providing protection to the respondents.
This could be achieved through the assessment of risks to profits, provide informed consent, and develop research designs and processes. Through the process of developing research designs, it ensures that the research accomplishes its set goals while maximizing the protection of the respondents (World Health Organization, 2004). This may include approximating the possibility and severity of harmful consequences, the possible duration of the effects, and the extent to which any harm experienced can be reversed.
It is also necessary that participants are screened; this enables the researcher to know and choose only those people who have a high tolerance for the possible risks. Therefore, with such actions in place, the concerns of exploration principles will be dealt.
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