The leader basically serves as an independent force in making up the follower’ s motive base. In transactional leadership, the leaders take the initiative in contacting others so that some valued exchange happens (Hood, 2007, p. 120). The exchange which takes place can be political, social, economic or psychological in nature. Here each party bargains about their purpose. They are conscious of the power resource and the attitude of each other. Each person knows the other person (Goodridge, 2006, p. 54). The purpose of both the parties is related so that they can bargain about their purpose.
But this is the extent of their relationship. The parties do not have any other purpose which holds them together and as a result, they go their separate ways. This leadership style does not bind the leader and follower together in a mutual purpose. Transformational LeadershipThis style of leadership supplements the effects of transactional leadership on the satisfaction, efforts and effectiveness of its subordinates (Bass and Riggio, 2012, p. 135). There are many examples like Lincoln, Kennedy; Roosevelt did not shy away from being transformational and transactional at the same time.
By doing this they were able to run the nation and do politics as well (Gilbert, 2012, p. 132). A transformational leader motivates an employee in doing more than what he originally did. The two main factors are inspiration and charisma. It doesn’ t need the moral component to it. Hitler is considered to be a transformational leader. They increase the commitment and motivational level of the employees (Hacker and Roberts, 2003, p. 132). Super LeadershipThis leadership theory is based on social learning theory. Super Leadership theory mainly gives importance to the development of self-leaders.
Through this process, leaders teach followers to be leaders or self-leaders (Robinson, 2008, p. 54). The super Leader influences the behaviours of the followers by teaching or influencing them to be competent, responsible, self-disciplined, and capable.
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