The problem is located in this area due to various factors; historical, geographical, as well as, human factors. Historical factors arise from the time of the British presence in the area. With their desire to counter the Pashtuns constant attacks on the East India Company, Britain forced the Durand agreement, therefore, splitting the Pashtuns between two enemy countries. This problem was compounded by the Soviet occupation, because the local Mujahedeen was given a lot of financial support to counter the Russians. With relation to geography, the mountainous terrain has made the area inaccessible even to government troops.
Pakistan’ s Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA), which sits on Afghanistan’ s porous and ill-defined eastern border, has become an external “ safe haven” for Taliban and al-Qaeda elements (Koprowski 2009). With relation to human factors, the Pashtuns have given the tribal leaders more loyalty as compared to the one given to Government of Pakistan. 5 . C. HOW MUCH IS THERE? Data shall be derived from secondary sources. Of the essence, the research shall rely on studies conducted by various bodies like the World Food Programme, United Nations, thesis by various scholars and security experts and government and congressional reports.
Moreover, it shall be essential to interview at least two international experts in the field of geography and security. Data collected shall include; the population of the area, to determine the contribution of human factors; literacy and the nature of school present in the area, to understand the spread of jihad ideology and radicalism as portrayed by Adrabi et al (2006). To add, the livelihood of the people; economic status of the people for the past 20 years, to decipher the financial input of violent groups; the number of roads and other communication channels and their nature.
With regards to the map, this study shall rely on online Maps available at www. worldatlas. com, Google Maps and CIA World Handbook of the year (2009).
Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples