The statistical median of the age in federal prisons was 36 years and in state prisons it was 32 years (Pastore, Mguire). Iitially, iprisonment was a means by which society took revenge against those who committed crimes and involved the infliction of corporal punishment, bnishment, tansporting to penal colonies where the prisoners were subjected to forced labour and they were also made galley slaves. Oer time this concept changed and imprisonment was employed to reform criminals rather than exact revenge for the harm or injury caused by them to I employs methods physical as well as psychological methods like punishment, pevention, ad rehabilitation.
I combination these methods enable society to segregate criminals so as to prevent them from indulging in criminal behaviour, gatifies the victims’ desire for retribution and serves to convince potential criminals about the futility of crime. Mreover, oer a period of time it is hoped that these prisoners will be transformed into industrious and law abiding citizens who will be fit to rejoin the mainstream of society. Dspite, te avowed intent of prisons to reform te results in this regard have not been very positive and the general belief is that they make the situation worse.
Icarceration is accompanied by several shortcomings, wich affect prisoners in different ways. Te first change that prisoners have to adapt to is that brought about by entry shock. Tis is usually overcome by conforming to prison life as expeditiously as is possible. Pisoners are sparingly permitted to maintain contacts with the outside world and their attempts to maintain contact with family and friends usually end in failure. Aother problem is posed by what is to be done with the long hours of inactivity that a prisoner perforce has to put up with (Tosh, 1982).
Te psychological effects created due to incarceration are quite important and some of these effects are the loss of liberty, wich makes prisoners experience limitation in movement. Frther, cnfinement connoted moral rejection and implies that society is unable to repose sufficient trust in them to allow them to reside freely in their midst (Johnson, 1996). Mreover, pisoners have to follow a strict regimen rules and this involves a number of restrictions on their possessions, wile in prison.
Sxually deviant behaviour results from deprivation of normal sexual needs. Pisoners are placed under. ..
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