The assignment of the role of a narrator and a detective to a person with Tourette’ s Syndrome has been describing as massive strategic use of language to bring out a very high level of uniqueness to Motherless Brooklyn as a fiction novel. In this section, much attention is given to the subject of Tourette’ s Syndrome. Specifically, Tourette’ s syndrome will be looked in connection to poetic diction, utterance, and phonic tics. In the first place, the A. D.A. M Medical Encyclopaedia (2012) explains that “ Gilles de la Tourette syndrome is a condition that causes people to make repeated, quick movements or sounds that they cannot control. ” This means that the condition is characterized by unintentional distortions with reference to the utterance of words.
The unexpected sounds and movement are referred to in medical terms as tics. Because of the possibility that tics shall be produced without notice, there is often an imbalance between utterance and phonic tics. The reason for this is that phonetics always follows a strict set of vocabulary rules that cannot always be assured in a person with Tourette’ s syndrome. In line with this, Schleifer (2001) argues “ that there is a correlation between poetic diction and utterance and the phonic tics (echolalia and coprolalia typical of the TS sufferer). ” The simple implication to this assertion is that for the utterance to be guaranteed to be of refined quality, both poetic diction and phonics must be assured to be excellent.
In a typical example in the novel, we read of Lionel describing the account given by Gil on the kidnap and murder of Frank Minna as 'English might have been his fourth or fifth language from the sound of it" [p.
94]. Another area of influence with Tourette’ s syndrome has to do with poetry and rhythmic phenomena. Well, it has been said earlier that people suffering from Tourette’ s syndrome can hardly predict the outcome of their speech work. In research by Leckman et al (2006), it was found that the level of distortions and unpredictable tics varies in the number of times they occur, the severity of their occurrence and the anatomical location they are likely to be found.
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