There were allegations that the Post-Election Violence was sparked off when Mwai Kibaki’ s was declared the winner of the presidential election by the Electoral Commission of Kenya. Hours after the announcement of the victory of President Mwai Kibaki, violence was underway in various parts of the country, and the majority of the people who were on the receiving end were the Kikuyus, and the Kisiis, who were considered to be the two dominant tribes in economical aspects. However, other tribes were also involved in the Post Election Violence. The Luos and the Kalenjins were the leading tribes in attacking the other communities and their number one enemy was the Kikuyus.
This anger was deemed to be the result of the fact that Mwai Kibaki was declared the winner and his major political rival Raila Odinga was deemed to have failed to win the election (Barasa, 2008). It is still doubtful that a rigged election could elicit such a volatile reaction from the citizens of a country that is considered to one of the most peaceful countries in the African Continent.
There have been suggestions that the violence could have been planned a number of months or even years before the actual election process. The mere fact that the election had been rigged could not have precipitated such a volatile reaction like that, and this can be determined by the fact that in the past elections, there have been claims of rigging but there have never been the case of violence of such extents. It can also be ascertained that the Kikuyus who are the dominant tribe in the country have had disappointments in the past as far as the elections are concerned but have never had the audacity to initiate violence to other tribes which were in power at that time chief among them being the Kalenjins.
Former president Daniel Moi was from the Kalenjin community and he was cited as having rigged a number of elections during his reign as the president of the country. However, these elections did not precipitate any violence in the country but there were tensions in the Central parts of Rift Valley Province which is occupied by both the Kikuyus and the Kalenjins (Bryson, 2008).
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