The nature of these institutions may differ, depending on the needs and situations the citizens may find themselves in. The institutions are characterized by the vision and the mission statement, along with the actors involved in decision-making process which then determines the relationship of the citizen`s involvement and the extent of their influence of decision making (Beeson and Bisley 2012). UN and the ICJ are the examples of such institutions which do have a strong direct or indirect effect on the states, as these institutions advocate for the extension and implementation of human rights fundamental to the democratic ideals of the nation-state system. Thus conclusively, a democratic state enables the individuals to affect the decision-making process by a variety of ways, and the recent trends in modernization are further fueling up the citizens to play a crucial role in the democratic process.
Social media, for that matter, has proved to be a very powerful tool in this era which has farfetched impacts on the governments. Social media institutions may be the way forward in further development of democracy, especially for states like the U. S, Wiki Leaks being just one such instance. Bates (2008) sketched out the 20th-century scenarios via his work, where he pointed out the effect of the decisions of the authorities along with the reaction of the citizens on the state capacity, after which he concludes that these factors led to the falling apart of the sub-Saharan African states.
The common alternative sources to security, pointed out by the author, seem to be political instability and chaos in order to influence their demands at the hands of the citizens.
Since the African states pointed out for study in the paper were resource-rich states characterized by predation, thus the citizens also felt insecure with reference to their properties and economic securities, alongside, various communal rifts also became a part of the chaos, as the power politics dominated the era, which immensely contributed to the failure of these states.
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