Subjectivity is the subject’ s feelings, beliefs, experiences, perceptions, and expectations which in research influence the results and analysis of the study (HONDERICH, 1995). Subjectivity is the key element of qualitative research which can be expressed by the selection of research topic, in construction of hypothesis, in designing methodology and in the interpretation of results. Subjectivism is just explaining one’ s own viewpoint about the issue under study or in research. All interpretations of subjects have some meaning given by the researchers but they are not explaining anything itself. For example, my viewpoint about social migration might be different than someone else but both interpretations in subjectivity have the status of truth and value some knowledge but it is not evident that these both interpretations exactly explain the social migration itself.
Similarly, if one considers punishment as an effective tool for improvement and others consider punishment as a destructive instrument for personality so, they are two points of view on the topic. None of them can be true or both of them can be true but they are one’ s subjective opinion.
Usually in qualitative research methodology subjectivism is considered as the prerequisite for qualitative analysis which in some cases might be true but even in qualitative research objectivity is also required. Subjectivity can produce biased results as the researcher's own understanding may impede objective analysis over personal experiences and expectations. However, subjective interpretation is not something that a true researcher cannot overcome. For an objective analysis of research-active, eradicate and sophisticated subjective understanding is required which includes analytical questioning, logical and scientific deductions, quantitative outcomes and synthetic rationale and even extensive subjective analysis can also provide objectivity in research.
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