The coronal plane divides the body into the dorsal and ventral parts. It is also called the frontal plane. This plane is perpendicular to the ground. This plane mainly allows the relation of the trachea and the main bronchi to the cardiovascular structures. The considered structures visible are: 1) The ascending aorta 2) Pulmonary trunk left atrium is not visible but one can see the right atrium in this plane structure. Aorta: Visible part of the structure: The ascending aorta, the longitudinal portion of the aortic arch is visible. However, the beginning (outlet) and the complete arch are not visible.
One cannot see the left atrium from where the aorta originates but the ascending part of the arch is visible clearly. The surrounding anatomy: Amongst the surrounding structures, the closest ones are the pulmonary trunk, the epicardial fat deposits, the superior vena cava, and the right coronary artery. The structures of epicardial fat, right coronary artery and the pulmonary trunk have been discussed before. The superior vena cava is a large but short vein that carries de-oxygenated blood from the upper half of the body to the heart's right atrium.
The right atrium is also visible here and lies just below the superior vena cava, which lies to the left of the aorta. Pathologies: In the case of four-dimensional ultrasonography, blood flow through the ascending aorta and main pulmonary artery during systole are seen in the coronal planar structure through the atrioventricular valves (coronal plane). Congenital pathology of the aorta, including aortic arch anomalies and coarctation, can be diagnosed on this plane. As per the treatment procedures for different such problems go, the ascending aorta and the aortic valve were replaced with a cryopreserved valved homograft conduit.
Intrinsic aortic wall pathology in BAV disease is related to aortic dilatation. In order to understand the effects of different metabolic activities on different parts of the heart, the coronal plane structures can be observed. A coronal three-dimensional gradient-echo sequence with asymmetric k-space acquisition can be used. The 136 x 512 matrix yielded voxel sizes of 1.33 x 0.64 x 1.0 mm. A timing-bolus acquisition is orientated in the coronal plane to include the aortic arch and can be obtained initially during free breathing.
Besides the ascending aorta (to the left of the trunk structure visible), the epicardial fat deposits lie to the bottom right of the pulmonary trunk while the right coronary artery lies immediately below the place where the trunk originates.
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