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Outline and Discussion of Augustine's Theology of Grace

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Though humans do not deserve to be pardoned and blessed by the Heavens, yet unabated love for the Lord, following the noble teachings of Christ and kindness towards the fellow beings, may lead man towards eternal happiness. “ The corridor to personal salvation lies through a future of personal self-abnegation in the love of God and of neighbor.   Paradoxically (that word again), to save ones soul means abandoning all morbid preoccupation with self by immersion in self-effacing love. "He who would save his soul must lose it. " (Matthew 10.39: quoted in ccat. edu) Augustinian doctrine lays stress upon the existence of original sin and its strong connection with salvation by the grace and mercies of the Lord.

The original sin, according to St. Augustine, has been transmitted to all human beings through their first parents Adam and Eve, who were seduced by the serpent. Satan, in the form of a serpent, had tempted Adam and Eve to taste the fruit of the forbidden tree while their dwelling in the Eden Garden. The original sin caused the fall of man from heaven to the earthly world, which is an inferior place in comparison with heaven, the first abode of the humans.

Since the original sin has been transmitted to the generations of Adam and Eve, no human being is free from the natural tendency of committing sins, which is actually the outcome of the original sin committed by the first humans. The concept of grace is synonymous with pardon, forgiveness, and deliverance bestowed upon man by Almighty God. Since humans are always inclined towards deviations and perversions, there appear no probabilities of regaining their lost paradise on the basis their deeds.

Human disobedience pushed him far from the Lord, and it is God’ s grace that showers His bounties upon him even his misdemeanor. Committing of sin through words, conduct and actions, has created many problems for humans. There is no immediate regulatory authority to mend their ways in a systematic way. These misdemeanours create distances between humans and drag them far away from one another. It not only separated humans from each other, but also the original sin has separated man from his Creator.    

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