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Organization and Managing People

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15. What is power and why is power important to managers in an organization? Power refers to the authority or level of influence that is held by managers to ensure that employees are committed to fulfilling their responsibilities. The presence of power is important in assigning work, managing employees and achieving objectives. 16. With an aid of appropriate diagram or otherwise discuss how power evolves from domination to delegation (Source: Kreitner and Kinicki) A transition from authoritarian power to power distribution is marked by a movement from domination to delegation. The latter is characterized by a high degree of empowerment.

17. Why is it important for managers to use personalized power? By using personalized power in the organization, managers can ensure that the extent to which they are able to influence their employees is increased or maintained to achieve desired results. Organization Design, Effectiveness and Innovation 1. Explain the difference between narrow- and wide span of control The level of supervision is higher in a narrow span of control in comparison with a wide span of control because the former has a greater manager-to-worker ratio. 2.

Discuss with an example what a closed system is. How does this differ to an open system in an organization structure set up A closed system does not interact with the components of the external environment while, an open system such as an organization must participate in the external environment because it is reliant upon it for sustenance. 3. Discuss with appropriate examples the difference between: i. Functional structure ii. Divisional structure, and iii. Matrix structure A functional structure classifies groups in accordance with organizational functions for example marketing and human resources. A divisional structure classifies groups according to outputs for example, a shoe manufacturer making men’s, kids’ and women’s shoes.

A matrix structure is an amalgamation of the elements of functional and divisional structure. 4. Which is the best organization structure to use for multinational organization like Toyota? Explain A Matrix Structure, because it allows the organization to manage its large-scale activities in an effective manner. 5. Which is the best organization structure for a company like ADNOC? Why? A Functional Structure because it produces only one product rather than a range of products. 6. Which is the best organization structure for a company like GASCO

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