Oil spilling affects the wildlife which moves upwards towards the food chain as they are eaten by other organisms. Breeding is also affected as it becomes difficult for them to breed which is due to the behavior causing the bird sitting along with the reduction in the number of eggs which are laid. Lungs and air passages are also affected of the mammals and turtles which cause pneumonia, congestion and also emphysema. Many bacterial infections along with fungal infections are caused. Skin damage, irritation of the skin, nasal along with mouth cavities.
Red blood cells are damaged and the lives of many birds along with mammals are affected badly. An adrenal tissue of the birds is affected which affect blood pressure and also fluid and the concentration of the fluid being affected. The stress level for the mammals is increased and there is also a visible decrease in the eggshells thickness. Various damages are caused which includes the damage which is caused to the mangrove habitats and also the seagrass health 2012). The feeding system is affected as well through the feeding done to the children by their mammal’ s mothers.
Poisoning is done through mother’ s milk. Birds that are left often end up in giving away their lives to other wild animals as they become easy prey due to their feathers being covered with oil. The weight of the features is affected due to oil making the bird’ s feature sink and there is less air trapped in between which is not enough to keep them buoyant. Body weight is lost as feeding decreases. There is a decrease in drinking, driving, swimming along with birds dehydrating and sometimes also starving.
Oil gets stuck with the sensory hair which causes problems in eating and there is also an infection in dugongs and also there are inflammations. Seal pups are rejected, starved and also abandoned.
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