Health promotion allows individuals to have control over their lifestyle choices and also on the resources that would enable them to adopt a healthy standard of living. Underlying this general notion is a comprehensive framework of strategies and principles that provide the foundation of an overall regime of health promotion. These strategies like the development of legislation, individual skills etc. , and principles including empowerment, participation, and equity etc, also highlight the importance of healthcare professionals especially nurses and role played by them in spreading awareness about general health. The original regime of health promotion was determined to improve the overall health of people and communities which has been an old issue in the agendas of global organizations.
However, this agenda has transformed in the last few decades as health promotion has emerged as a concept with a more concrete basis. According to the World Health Organization, health promotion is "the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. .."In extension to that, Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion further illustrates health promotion by stating that in order to develop a holistic wellbeing, a person or a community is required to be capable of identifying their needs and realizing their aspirations.
In addition to that, satisfying their needs and coping with an environment is also another prerequisite for suitable health wellbeing. Hence, health can be perceived as a tool assisting in a better quality of life and not a purpose of living. This concept further encompasses resources borne by individuals and society along with their physical capacities. Therefore, health promotion is a combined responsibility of society as well as individuals in order to have a long-lasting impact (Keleher, MacDougall, Murphy, 2007). There are five distinct health plan actions outlined by Ottawa Charter (1986).
Firstly, developing an extensive public policy is an underlying foundation for further health promotion strategies.
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