Many literary works propose that NGOs are a natural product of democracy and capitalism. The argument is that as market forces need increasing moderations of the law for their benefit, society naturally calls for social justice to equalize negative factors of market forces (Handy, 2001, p. For instance, environmental pollution affects market negatively and free economies will slowly invent ways to deal with this negative effect (Chimiak, 2014, p. One way is through environmental NGOs, whose operations are based on this relationship between market forces and environmental pollution. Considering the costs to offer better environmental quality are high, it is logical for ENGOs to decide not to deal with them directly (Modi & Mishra, 2010, p.
As a result, lobbied states and corporations that agree to partner with ENGOs end up incurring these costs. Surveys conducted on public views about the development and measures of solving environmental issues between the 1960s and 2010 reveal a consistency in urgency. Environmental challenges ranked highest in terms of priority by the United States and Canadian public (Keene and Pullin, 2011, p. Researchers did not treat this concern as an insignificant factor considering states, ENGOs, and NPOs responded to them greatly although not immediately.
These concerns match the financial charities acquired by NPOs between 1975 and 2012. More specifically, the pooled budgets of five leading ecological organizations surpassed $203 million in 1990 while the combined charities of all ENGOs in 1991 reached $2. Additionally, membership demographics for ENGOs during the same year surpassed 20 million (Wallis and Dollery, 2006, p. This significant difference in donations shows how urgent the concern for the environment was for the American and Canadian publics during the early 1990s. States often react to public sentiment and the lobbying of ENGOs in determining the amount and quality of ecological goods and services offered.
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