Ethnicity influences people’s tendency to perceive smiles in others. 1 For this purpose, the research participants were shown pictures of people belonging to different ethnicities like African, Caucasian, and Asian and were asked to identify the pictures in which the people were smiling. The researchers found that the research participants were more likely to identify the pictures of smiling people who were of their own ethnicity as compared to the pictures of people from other ethnicities. “People tend to favor a member of the in-group over an out-group member when distributing positive outcomes such as rewards to others”.
1 It so happens because of the fact that “[c]ulture strongly influences, and in many cases determines, our interpretations”. 2 The famous Indian political leader Jawaharlal Nehru also emphasized upon developing an understanding of different cultures to be able to communicate better across cultures. “If we seek to understand a people, we have to try to put ourselves, as far as we can, in that particular historical and cultural background…If we wish to convince them, we have to use their language as far as we can, not language in the narrow sense of the word, but the language of the mind.
That is one necessity” (Nehru cited in3). Adler states that there are certain non-verbal behaviors that can facilitate the conveyance of meaning between two or more people from different cultural backgrounds that include visual restatements, gestures, demonstration, pauses, and summaries. For this research, I conducted three experiments in total in three different settings, one of which was a school, the other was a clothes’ shop, and the third was a wedding ceremony. One thing that was common between them was that all three were multicultural settings. I conducted this experiment in my school on an event when students were allowed to dress up in the outfits of their choice.
In my school, there are people from different cultures including the Indians, the Africans, the Americans, and the Arabs. For this experiment, I tried to communicate with seniors from different cultures rather than my own class because I did not want the results of my experiment biased because of my previous friendship with the people I communicated with.
On that occasion, I dressed up in an Arabic clothing. I wore a turban on my head and a long white gown that dropped from my shoulders all the way to my feet. When I arrived at the school and tried to
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