GM plants pose a threat to the soil's ecosystem. The Bt toxin interferes with the subterranean fungus normally present in the soil. The fungus is important in forming the symbiotic bond with roots. The bond results in the plant acquiring more nutrients with the exchange of carbon. In the end, the plant shall run low on nutrients and will wilt. The toxins affect the nutrition content of the soils. Furthermore, the fungi depend on the plant for reproduction. Introduction of these toxins would cause genetic changes to the plant.
GM plants pose a risk to aquatic life. There was a research on the effects of Bt corn on caddis flies. The toxins increased their mortality rate significantly. Furthermore, the toxins could cause swapping of pests. Studies indicate that there are emergencies for new pests. They replace the pests that died due to the effects of Bt toxins (Board, 2004). GM technology suffers from underdevelopment. They could not serve some areas that require GM foods most. Poor countries often are behind when it comes to biotechnology. They do not have necessary resources such as scientists who could help manipulate the technology.
Experts argue that developers of GM technology only considered making plants that are vulnerable to herbicides and insecticides. Furthermore, the developers created expensive seeds. Poor countries could not afford the prices of these seeds. Land in poor countries, especially Africa, has poor productivity. The few crops in these lands have to endure harsh conditions and some of them do not produce as expected. The people in poor countries experience food insecurity, as a result. GM foods would serve them better, but they are expensive. It is usually very expensive to bring GM foods to the market.
The process is very long and may cause significant losses to the farmer. Various institutions come up with plant engineering technologies. The technologies often cause patent infringements to GM plants. It is evident with continuing patenting of GM plants the prices of their seeds shall increase.
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