As Rose and Best (2005) opined, clinical education can be improved using appropriate planning, structuring of the various sessions, integration of clinical practicum and progression in this regard. Models of learning: Constructivism In this teaching session, procedural instruction will be imparted through traditional method of education. Thereafter, principles of Constructivist Learning Theory will be used to deliver teaching. According to this theory, "learning is an active process in which learners construct new ideas or concepts based upon their current/past knowledge. The learner selects and transforms information, constructs hypotheses, and makes decisions, relying on a cognitive structure to do so" (Bruner, 1996). Teaching strategies and rationale Thus, to facilitate constructivism, teachers must accept and encourage the initiatives and autonomy of the students during the process of learning and various interactive, manipulative, physical and raw data from primary sources must be used for training.
preference must be given for various cognitive terms like "predict", "create", "classify" and "analyse" while assigning tasks to students. The students must be encouraged to communicate, inquire and apply critical thinking for leaning (NDT Resource Center, n.d. ).
"On-the-spot" decisions about behaviours of the teachers, strategies for instructions, various teaching activities and content to be taught must be made based on the student responses. Communication between students and between teachers and students must be encouraged. The teachers must put follow-up questions and after the initial response from the students, elaboration must be sought. The students must be put in situations that challenge various conceptions which have been there previously, so that contradictions develop which provide fuel and scope for discussion.
Enough time must be provided for the students to construct the meaning of the subject in their own sense in the process of learning a new thing (Brooks and Brooks, 1993). Teaching of nasogastric tube feeding will involve both theoretical and practical aspects. A time-table is set in for the teaching session on the notice board and students are advised to come prepared for the sessions based on the time table. The first session will constitute of information regarding the procedure in a traditional way. Information from the students which they gained from different their readings will be shared.
Students will also be encouraged to talk openly about what they expect from the teaching session.
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