The purpose of this research is to show that there has been increasing humanitarian crisis in Africa’ s conflict zones. What has emerged has been untold emotional, psychological and mental sufferings by the masses in conflict zones. This research paper, therefore, proposes that social workers should be empowered through training to do counseling to victims in conflict zones. To understand the necessity of doing this, this paper shall analyze selected cases in conflict zones and the horrors of war with which locals have had to deal. The selected cases will be based from Africa and Somalia in particular as the major country for analysis.
To give it a global perspective, the current occurrence in the Middle East may be mentioned as just examples of the need for a hastened response. The thesis statement that shall guide this research shall be Conflict zones in any part of the world potentially present complex humanitarian crisis that warrants counseling. One may observe that even as the war is still going on, mere moving of refugees to a safe location does not end their sufferings.
Many are tortured mentally, emotionally, and psychologically given what they have witnessed or gone through because of the conflict. Probably many have lost either someone close to them or even a relative. In other scenarios, some have been forced to witness horrible scenes happensThe objective of this research is to show that there is human suffering occasioned by civil wars in a manner that requires social workers to serve as double agents. This is to imply that they must move beyond the supply of food and medication to provide other services aimed at helping refugees or internally displaced persons adjust to normal health even as they await the conflict to recede.
Many scholars have noted that many civil wars in Arica have been fought in Sub-Saharan Africa. Scholars such as Barbara Heron observe that post-independent Africa was a period characterized by many civil wars and military coups.
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