It is quite important to note that prefix is added to the beginning of a word, a suffix at the end, an infix is inserted into other morphemes and circumfix are attached to another morpheme. The use of a prefix or a suffix is part of the word morphology. For instance, the use of the prefixes 'un-' indicates negativity. Such as in the word unavoidable, the recipient will already process the speaker means not avoidable. Also, the use of '-ify' in a word like iconify illustrates to make something into. This may influence the meaning of a sentence.
Certain morphemes indicate singularity, plurality and meaning. The word 'cats’ implies that the speaker means more than one cat. This indicates plurality and the recipient already infers the speaker means more than one cat. Lexicon is certain words or specific phrases that are present in the mind of the speaker. These include phrases such as idioms. The use of lexicon allows was a speaker to construct and convey a sentence with its appropriate meaning. Lexical words are new words, such as, nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs that illustrate the content.
Another type of word is functional or grammatical words that are closed meaning the speaker cannot add onto them like vocabulary. These words include conjunctions, prepositions, articles and pronouns. They are words that are necessary to understand the meaning of a sentence. The syntax is the way in which words are combined into sentences and the grammatical rules used. The different combination of words may have different meanings. This introduces the concept of ambiguity. Sentence construction has a direct influence on sentence meaning and is elaborated under semantics.
Phonology is the study of phonemes. The way, in which sentences have their meaning conveyed partly in how they are spoken, this is the phonetics. The tone may be used by the recipient to distinguish between a declarative sentence, a question, a threat or a request. Phonetics influence speech perception.
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