Realizing the importance of international waters by the states has increased the legal conflicts as well and required the issues mentioned earlier, relating to the use of internal and external waters by one and all in maritime transport. With this requirement, the different conventions relating to the law of the sea with their differences in regulations and conflicts arising among them. It can be seen that the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), The League of Nations Conference for International Law (The Hague), the Convention on the High Seas, Convention on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone, Convention on the Continental Shelf, Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources of the High Seas, along with the Customary International Law have all contributed to the Public shipping law or International Law, as is commonly called.
“ Provisions for port state control were introduced in a number of conventions, primarily IMO conventions. Due to the importance of sea waters to every state and their interests in safeguarding and utilizing the coastal waters and also the international waters for trade, there are several provisions in the international law and other conventions that empower the states with some exclusive rights over other states, apart from common rights and responsibilities in the high seas.
As the number of shipping companies increases coupled with globalization, the concerns of protecting the coastal waters by the respective states also have become a concern. There is the problem of migration, piracy, safety, and security along with other technological, environmental and commercial issues and interests that the respective port states might have with respect to sea waters.
Hence, the different articles in the various conventions have laid a number of provisions for enabling the smooth and safe trade in the international trade through sea waters. Pomborides notes, “ the port state control allows port states to exercise control over the issues of maritime safety, marine pollution and issues of crew competence and working conditions”
Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples